Cheryl Johnson’s column against straight-ticket voting cited Washington’s “Farewell Address” (Feb. 9, The Daily News). This encouraged me to reread it along with James Madison’s “Federalist Paper No. 10” and Richard Labunski’s “James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights.”
Washington was persuaded to run for re-election because strife between Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson threatened to tear the new country apart. At the end of his second term, Washington’s “Farewell Address” warned against factions that placed their own interests and beliefs ahead of those of the Union.