GALVESTON — Hymns were the standard for congregational music for almost two millennia. Stalwarts like Martin Luther’s “A Mighty Fortress is Our God” were penned in the 1500s.
The oldest known Christian hymn with musical notation was found in an Egyptian landfill in modern times. Known as the Oxyrhynchus hymn, it offers Trinitarian choral praise on the diatonic scale. Penned on papyrus and written in Greek, it dates to the third century.